The road moving forward to 5G is unpredicted for wireless networks. 5G technology has the capability to open incomparable possibilities to input creativity out into society through generating integrated infrastructure that obtains the ability to fasten buildings, transport and utilities. Along with 5G, there are significant opportunities for improvements within operations in society, including transport, healthcare, energy consumption and retail production.  

 

The deployment of 5G requires an extensive amount of infrastructure and systems to be constructed prior to being rolled out. Awareness surrounding the roll out system is not widely shared as society lacks an understanding of what the 5G rollout will entail from an infrastructure perspective. In particular, the 5G rollout performance is reliant on full fibre. Without fibre, 5G is directly impossible and without 5G, fibre deficits mobility.

 

Nielsen’s Law of Internet Bandwidth suggests users’ bandwidth is expected to grow annually by 50%, with mobile traffic estimated to quadruple for 2021. 5G will entitle these predictions to evolve, however, with the current infrastructure for 5G it will be impossible to roll out and meet the emerging demand.

 

In the past, macro towers connecting with radio frequency spectrums have been the way for wireless networks to travel across long distances. These macro cells cannot keep up with the rapidly growing bandwidth, demand or speed of 5G that is expected in the near future.

 

5G will operate with a high-frequency band within the wireless scope. High-frequency waves do experience more difficulty travelling over long distances and through objects, requiring the 5G network to be built with cell site technology, involving receiver antennas to be as far as 150 metres apart. The high-frequency bands will lead telecom companies to change from large cell towers to towers obtaining small cell site technology. Small cell technology towers will lead the rollout of 5G, generating greater data capacity with the proliferation within the network.  

 

If 5G aims to operate the complex video streaming and video gaming sectors, it cannot just simply rely on the small cell technology. Instead, it will further require backhaul which exists with fibre. Backhaul capacity allows a high bandwidth to transmit at a very quick speed, making it an essential for 360⁰ streaming and gaming. The effectiveness of 5G is dependent on the connected wireline network transmitting the traffic to the small cell technologies.

 

The fibre optic networks will be restricted by the in-use cell technology for sending and receiving signals. Full fibre will entitle the 5G enhanced speeds and bring the potential of unlimited bandwidth.

 

Collaboration Driving Fibre

For fibre to be widely implemented throughout regions, collaborating is essential. Promoting a collaborative approach globally through the government, communities, councils, citizens and businesses will allow the implementation of fibre to be useful for a variety of technologies. Collaborating together will efficiently and accurately create a full fibre system, powering the potential of 5G.

 

The Future

Full fibre networks will provide immense solutions for the issues concerning the 5G roll out. Regions expecting 5G coverage will require fibre in their area to successfully use the 5G network to its maximum potential for reasons expanding far beyond capacity. Fibre dispersed among regions will allow for more formidable 5G goals to be achieved, including diversified networks and enhanced accessibility & coverage, all bought together by interconnected fibre systems.

 

5G is revolutionary across a variety of networks and will enhance a broad range of industries, including infrastructure, energy, transport and utilities. The possibilities and potential with 5G networks are unrestricted with its significant technical ability. However, the 5G system will remain unpredictable without strong fibre infrastructure being dispersed among regions.

 

The 5G and full fibre networks have already become integrated into the evolving digital network. The adoption process behind individuals and businesses is unlikely to begin until later in 2020. Promoting the roll out is imperative not only to individual users but organisations as well. As a business, success in the future means leading with 5G adoption. To successfully take the lead in 5G deployment you need to partner with the right experience and expertise to help you move forward. VIAVI’s 5G test and verification solutions will deliver essential validation, verification and visibility for 5G. Providing you with the opportunity to test, enable and assure your operations on 5G and optimise moving forward with essential experts in the industry.

 

 

 

 

 

About The Author

Shirley Lim

Channel Marketing Manager - APAC

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